Cenotes / Mexico

Cenotes are a business card of Yucatan Peninsula’s diving tourism. These karst masses were formed in the result of a long washing of limestones and periodic changes of the water level of world ocean. A natural well that could be opened by destroying the ceiling of the cave was a source of fresh water for Maya. Mayan priests performed their rites there, with human sacrifices offered.
Some cenotes become popular diving centers (Dos Ojos, Chac Mool, Car Wash, Sac Actun, Gran Cenote, Nohoch Nah Chich).
Physiologically conditions are very comfortable, although it is a bit scary at the beginning. Comfortable temperature and crystal-clear water create nice conditions for diving. Currents are rather strong there. Drift-diving is used rather often, when the ship follows divers, who swim under the water, and ready to gather them after the end of the diving. There is also a possibility to perform drill-diving that means to swim though a narrow and twisting tunnel between the reef and sandy bottom.

Location: North-eastern shore of Yucatan Peninsula

What to see: Astonishing passages, halls and rooms with stalactites and stalagmites, light shows, hydrogen sulfide clouds and halocline (mixture of fresh and sea water)

Depth: 1-60m/3-196ft

Currents: None

Visibility: 50-100m/164-328ft

Season for diving: All year round. The average temperature is 24-28C/75-84F


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